Chlamydia is the most common STI in the Netherlands. Chlamydia bacteria cause infections in your urethra, anus and/or throat. Often the infection won't lead to you any symptoms. But even if you don't notice anything yourself, you can still pass on the bacteria to others. An STI test will show whether or not you have the bacteria. Chlamydia is treated with antibiotics.


Symptoms of chlamydia

Chlamydia can cause inflammation in your urethra, anus and/or throat. Symptoms can include bloody discharge, irritation/itchiness or pain when shitting or pissing or during sex. Symptoms could appear one to three weeks after the infection, but many people will notice little or nothing of a chlamydia infection.

If left untreated, chlamydia can eventually cause the following serious health problems in men:

  • inflammation of the tubes attached to your testicles (epididymides)
  • inflammation of your prostate
  • reduced fertility     

Treatment of chlamydia

Chlamydia is easily treatable with antibiotics. The treatment of chlamydia in your urethra and/or throat normally involves swallowing just two tablets of antibiotics. The treatment of chlamydia in your anus takes a bit longer, as it requires a week-long course of antibiotics. Once healed, you will not be immune to chlamydia. In other words, you could still be reinfected with it.

Transmission of chlamydia

You can get chlamydia through fucking or through giving or getting blow jobs – basically any time your own mucous membranes touch those of your partner during sex. With fucking, the infection can go both ways: from the penis to the anus and from the anus to the penis. The same is true with giving or getting blow jobs: from the penis to the throat and the other way around. Even if you don't notice any symptoms yourself, you can still transmit chlamydia bacteria to others.

Use condoms to reduce your chances of getting chlamydia or passing it on to others.

Chlamydia does not spread within your body. However, you could spread the bacteria to another spot. For instance when you finger yourself while having anal chlamydia and then touch your penis. This is why it is always important to get the complete test package.

Testing for chlamydia

By getting tested for STIs you can find out whether or not you have chlamydia. A chlamydia infection can occur in your urethra, your anus and/or your throat. For that reason, the complete package of tests for chlamydia consists of a urine test and cultures from swabs taken from your anus and your throat.
If you have casual sex partners, make sure to get yourself tested at least twice a year.

Do you have symptoms of chlamydia? In that case, get tested as soon as possible. If it turns out that you do have chlamydia, notify your sex partners so that they can also get tested and receive treatment. The GGD can help you notify your sex partners anonymously.

Get tested online

Your personalised advice

Preventing Hepatitis B

Did you find the info you were looking for?

We will improve this page with your feedback.

Is the information easy to understand?

We will improve this page with your feedback.

Do you find the content appealing?

We will improve this page with your feedback.