Treatment and partner notification

If your STI and HIV tests show that you have an STI and/or HIV, go get advice and treatment as soon as possible and notify your sex partners. The GGD can notify your sex partners anonymously for you, so that they will be able to act quickly. Avoid having sex until the treatment of an STI has been successfully completed.

Treatment of STIs

If you have chlamydia, gonorrhea or syphilis, you will get a prescription for a treatment with antibiotics. With that treatment, the infection will normally disappear quickly. Depending on the pathogen, the treatment can be either one-off (tablets or an injection) or a set of pills that you will need to take over a period of time ranging from a few days to a few weeks.

Avoid having sex during the treatment of an STI since:

  • You could pass the STI on to your sex partner, and he could then transmit it back to you. In that way, you would continue to infect each other, back and forth.
  • The treatment will be more successful if you give your mucous membranes (penis, anus, mouth) a break.

If the tests show that you have Hepatitis B, you will be advised to have further checks done in hospital. In case of chronic Hepatitis B, you might be given a treatment. For that, you will be referred to an internist. Hepatitis B is a disease that requires notification. That means that the GGD will contact you for a consultation about how you can avoid infecting others.

Treatment of HIV

The treatment of HIV always involves a specialist at a hospital. If you have just been diagnosed as having HIV, you will receive extensive information and advice from well-trained doctors and nurses. An early start with the treatment of HIV is good for your health and makes it practically impossible for you to transmit it to others. That is why most HIV internists are offering the treatment earlier and earlier to people who have just heard that they have HIV. Naturally that always happens in consultation with you.  

Notification of sex partners

Have you been notified that one of your sex partners had an STI? In that case, get yourself tested as soon as possible, even if you don't have any symptoms. 

  • If your steady partner has an STI, there is a good chance that you also have one, so you can get treated directly with him.
  • If the tests show that you have an STI, there is a good chance that your sex partners will also have it – even if they haven't had any symptoms themselves.
  • Your sex partners can pass on the STIs to their other sex partners, or transmit them back to, without even being aware of it.

The doctor or nurse will consult with you about who should be notified. In any case that will be your current sex partners and usually also your (ex-) partners from the past six months. Would you rather not be the one to tell your sex partners that you have an STI?  In that case, with your permission, the GGD can notify your sex partners about that instead of you. That can also be done anonymously. Your sex partners can then quickly and easily get tested and receive treatment at the STI clinic.

You can find more information (in Dutch) about partner notification on: www.partnerwaarschuwing.nl

 

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Preventing Hepatitis B

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